ALAP and ASAP are acronyms. ASAP stands for As Long As [Musically] Possible (ALAP). ASAP stands for As Short As [Musically] Possible (ASAP).
ALAP/ASAP is a method for learning and teaching “dot-cut” rhythms, dotted eighth notes followed by a sixteenth note, on the Highland Bagpipe.
Things go wrong. It is our condition as humans. We aren't machines that execute tasks perfectly every time. In piping, we have a multitude of variables to which we need to attend in order to have a successful performance. Some of those variables, such as the temperature and the relative humidity, our out of our control.
How do you practice? Do you play through all your tunes until you hit a rough spot and work on that? Do you pick a section of a tune and spend all your time working on that? How do you know if your practice is productive? There is a way to practice that will help you make the most of your time and allow you to improve at a quicker pace.