ALAP and ASAP are acronyms. ASAP stands for As Long As [Musically] Possible (ALAP). ASAP stands for As Short As [Musically] Possible (ASAP). ALAP/ASAP is a method for learning and teaching “dot-cut” rhythms, dotted eighth notes followed by a sixteenth note, on the Highland Bagpipe.
It's likely that different accomplished pipers will give you different answers to this question. According to Robert Wallace, “piobaireachd is difficult music to play well. It takes a lifetime of study to do so, and to teach and to appreciate in full.”
As musicians, we rely on repetition to learn the tricks of our trade. We have all sat down and pounded out G-D-E triplets until our fingers hurt. Practicing pieces over and over is a time honored tradition in all musical disciplines.
Your heart races, your palms sweat. Your arms are shaking as you try to calm yourself. A few quick breaths, and you strike in. You are on the boards for an important competition. Familiar?